From the abstract of a recent paper published by Christophoridis et al. in Scientific Reports:
“Toxic cyanobacteria occur in Greek surface water bodies. However, studies on the occurrence of cyanotoxins (CTs) are often limited to mainly microcystins (MCs), with use of screening methods, such as ELISA, that are not conclusive of the chemical structure of the CT variants and can be subject to false positive results. A multi-lake survey in Greece (14 lakes) was conducted in water and biomass, targeted to a wide range of multi-class CTs including MCs, nodularin-R (NOD), cylindrospermopsin (CYN), anatoxin-a (ANA-a) and saxitoxins (STXs), using multi-class/variant LC-MS/MS analytical workflows, achieving sensitive detection, definitive identification and accurate quantitation. A wide variety of CTs (CYN, ANA-a, STX, neoSTX, dmMC-RR, MC-RR, MC-YR, MC-HtyR, dm3MC-LR, MC-LR, MC-HilR, MC-WR, MC-LA, MC-LY, MC-LW and MC-LF), were detected, with MCs being the most commonly occurring. In biomass, MC-RR was the most abundant toxin, reaching 754 ng mg−1 dw, followed by MC-LR (458 ng mg−1 dw). CYN and ANA-a were detected for the first time in the biomass of Greek lakes at low concentrations and STXs in lakes Trichonis, Vistonis and Petron. The abundance and diversity of CTs were also evaluated in relation to recreational health risks, in a case study with a proven history of MCs (Lake Kastoria).”
The study was funded by the project ARISTEIA: “CYANOWATER” coordinated by A. Hiskia (NCSR Demokritos) and it also acknowledges CYANOCOST.
Christophoros Christophoridis, Sevasti-Kiriaki Zervou, Korina Manolidi, Matina Katsiapi, Maria Moustaka-Gouni, Triantafyllos Kaloudis, Theodoros M. Triantis, Anastasia Hiskia* (2018). Occurrence and diversity of cyanotoxins in Greek lakes. Scientific Reports volume 8, Article number: 17877. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-35428-x